Here is a summary of the important facts and information related to diabetes in pregnancy.
- Eight million women have diabetes, and one in 20 pregnant women develops
- Diabetes in pregnancy is a cause for concern. But it doesn't necessarily mean that pregnancy will be difficult, or that the chances of having a normal healthy baby are any less.
- By testing your blood
glucoselevels, following your food plan, and exercising regularly, you and your health care team can work together to lower your high blood sugar levels.
- Up to 50 percent of women with gestational diabetes will develop permanent type 2 diabetes within 10 to 15 years.
- Risk factors for gestational diabetes include:
- Family history
- Previous diagnosis of gestational diabetes
- Previous stillbirth or live birth of a baby over nine lbs.
- Age over 25
- African American, Hispanic, or Native American
- Women with pre-existing diabetes should be tested for various long-term complications, such as vision impairment, heart disease or reduced kidney function, before becoming pregnant. Pregnancy can make them worse.
- Risks to both mother and baby are significantly reduced when blood glucose is controlled throughout the pregnancy.
- A mother's diabetes will not cause her baby to be diabetic, but the child is at an increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes later in life.