The doctor will ask questions in order to determine a person's clinical history, which can help to establish the cause of stone formation. The doctor will ask about:
Past experience with kidney stones
Family history of kidney stones
A physical examination can reveal conditions that place a person at higher risk for stone formation. These include:
Specific diseases and medical conditions
Abdominal scars, which may be indications of previous surgery
The person's blood and urine will be studied to measure the levels of calcium, electrolytes, uric acid, and other components. In addition, the acidity of the urine is checked. When possible, a kidney stone itself will be analyzed to determine the type of stone so that the appropriate treatment can be planned.
X-rays can be used to identify the location of an obstruction and may even help determine the type of stone.