Some forms of bacterial pneumonia can be prevented with a vaccine (pneumococcal vaccine). The vaccine does not protect against most types of viral pneumonia or the pneumonia that people with low immunity tend to develop.
In most people, vaccination is needed only once in a lifetime. However, others, including those people at highest risk for serious disease, may need to be vaccinated a second time. Individuals should consult their physicians to determine if a second vaccination is recommended.
Those who should get vaccinated include:
- People over age 65
- Anyone with a serious chronic illness, such as diabetes or heart disease.
Nice To Know:
Pregnant or nursing women and children under 2 years old should not be vaccinated with the pneumococcal vaccine. Routine revaccination of adults is not recommended.
Personal methods to avoid pneumonia
Prevent pneumonia by taking measures to avoid the organisms that cause respiratory infections, including colds and flu. Always wash hands before eating and after going outside.
Ordinary soap is okay. Expensive antibacterial soaps add little protection, particularly against viruses.
To avoid aspiration pneumonia: