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From Andrew Maynard - Chair of the University of Michigan Department of Environmental Health Sciences, with help from David Faulkner - 2013 Master of Public Health graduate.
Cystitis is an inflammation of the bladder, sometimes involving the tube that drains urine from the bladder, called the urethra.
Cystitis is the most common form of urinary tract infection and occurs mainly in women. But men and children also can experience cystitis.
Elderly men and women are especially at high risk for cystitis. Nearly one-third experiences the condition.
Bacterial infection causes most bouts of cystitis. Although the urinary tract is normally sterile, germs sometimes may enter the body through the urethra and grow inside the bladder.
This bacterial growth causes the inside walls of the bladder to become inflamed. That inflammation leads to the common symptoms of cystitis.
Cystitis does not:
Occasionally, no cause can be found for a bladder inflammation.
The bladder is a balloon-like sac that sits in the lower part of the abdomen in front of the bowel. It stores the urine that the kidneys produce as they filter out waste products from the bloodstream.
Urinating allows the body to continually remove certain waste products from its system.
Facts About Cystitis
Contributing Author: Guy Slowik FRCS